What is pollen-food allergy syndrome and how does it affect children?

Understanding Pollen-Food Allergy Syndrome in Children

Pollen-Food Allergy Syndrome, also known as oral allergy syndrome, is a type of food allergy that is triggered by certain proteins found in both pollens and certain fruits, vegetables, and nuts. For example, a person who is allergic to birch pollen may also experience allergic reactions to apples, almonds, and carrots.

Children with pollen-food allergy syndrome may experience symptoms such as itchy mouth, lips, and throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; and hives after consuming certain foods. These symptoms can range from mild to severe and may occur immediately or up to two hours after eating the triggering food.

It is important to note that pollen-food allergy syndrome is not the same as a true food allergy, as the immune system is not reacting to proteins found in the food itself. Instead, the immune system mistakes the proteins in the food for proteins found in the pollen, leading to an allergic reaction.

If your child has pollen-food allergy syndrome, it is important to work with an allergist to determine which foods trigger their symptoms and to develop a plan for managing their allergy. This may include avoiding certain foods, taking allergy medication, and carrying epinephrine in case of a severe allergic reaction.

It is also important to understand the difference between pollen-food allergy syndrome and true food allergies, as the treatment for these conditions is different. A true food allergy can be life-threatening and requires strict avoidance of the triggering food.

If you suspect that your child may have pollen-food allergy syndrome or a true food allergy, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. With the right management plan in place, your child can live a healthy and active life despite their allergy.


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